Nothing is more satisfying than the giving the 'gift of life'. The gift of blood is the gift of life. There is no substitute for human blood. With your one pint of blood you can give life to three people. Every year our nation requires about 4 Crore units of blood, out of only 40 Lakh units of blood are available. Every two seconds someone needs blood. Unlike popular perception, donating Blood regularly actually has amazing health benefits and leads into disease.-free life.

To know more, please read below:

Blood Donation – The Reality

  • A Whole blood donor can donate as frequently as 90 days.
  • Statistics show that 25% or more of us will require blood at least once in our life time.
  • Men who participate in blood donation experience a 30% lower incident of heart disease and stroke.
  • Blood donation can reduce the overall iron levels which may protect from heart disease.
  • Blood donation forces your body to replace the lost blood with fresh new cells
  • When you donate one unit of blood, our body burns 650 calories. So it keeps you fit and prevent obesity and complications. There is lower incidence     of coronary heart disease and obesity in blood donors, as it lowers the cholesterol and other lipids.
  • It has been found that elderly people in good health have reported feeling invigorated and reenergised by giving blood on regular basis.
  • As an individual donates more frequently, anxiety decreases and positive feeling increases and self commitment develops, so it adds to one's self      esteem and general well being.

Blood Donation – The Reality


You can if:
  • You are between age group of 18-60 years
  • Your weight is 45 kgs or more
  • Your hemoglobin is 12.5 gm% minimum
  • Your last blood donation was 3 or more months earlier
  • You are healthy and have not suffered from malaria, typhoid or other transmissible disease in the recent past
Do Not Donate Blood if:
  • The donor had alcohol 48 hours before the donation.
  • The donor should disclose whether he is under any medication for malaria, jaundice, etc.
  • The donor should not have had any tooth extraction in the past 2 weeks
  • The donor should not be pregnant.
  • The donor should not have cold / fever in the past 1 week.
  • The donor should not be under treatment with antibiotics or any other medication.
  • The donor should not have cardiac problems, hypertension, epilepsy, diabetes (on insulin therapy), history of cancer, etc.
  • The donor should not have major surgery in the last 6 months.
  • The donor should not have vaccination in the last 24 hours.
  • The donor should not have had fainting attacks during last donation.
  • The donor should not have shared a needle to inject drugs/ have history of drug addiction.
  • The donor should not have had sexual relations with different partners or with a high risk individual
  • The donor should not have been tested positive for antibodies to HIV

Blood Donation Procedure


Donating blood is safe and simple. It takes approximately 10-15 minutes to complete the blood donation process. Something similar to the following you can expect when you are ready to donate blood:

  • You walk into a reputed and safe blood donation centre or a mobile camp organized by a reputed institution.
  • A few questions will be asked to determine your health status (general questions on health, donation history etc). Usually you will be asked to fill out a short form.
  • Then a quick physical check will be done to check temperature, blood pressure, pulse and haemoglobin content in blood to ensure you are a healthy donor.
If found fit to donate, then
  • You will be asked to lie down on a resting chair or a bed.
  • Your arm will be thoroughly cleaned.
  • Then using sterile equipments blood will be collected in a special plastic bag. Approximately 350 ml of blood will be collected in one donation.
  • Those who weigh more than 60 Kg can donate 450 ml of blood.
  • Then you must rest and relax for a few minutes with a light snack and something refreshing to drink.
  • Blood will be separated into components within eight hours of donation. The blood will then be taken to the laboratory for testing. Once found safe, it will be kept in special storage and released when required. The blood is now ready to be taken to the hospital, to save lives
How Frequently Can I donate Blood?
  • Whole blood donors may be donated every 56 days
  • Platelet donors may donate every 48 hours
  • Plasma donors may donate every 4 weeks
  • Red cell aphaeresis donors may donate every 2 days

Tips On Blood Donation


  • Get a good night's sleep
  • Drink an extra water or nonalcoholic fluids before the donation.
  • Have a good meal at least 3 hours before donating blood.
  • Accept the snacks offered to you after the donation, it is vital that you have them. You are recommended to have a good meal later
  • Do not do any heavy lifting or vigorous exercise for the rest of the day
  • Avoid smoking on the day before donating. You can smoke 3 hours after donation

Misconception


  • You will not feel drained or tired if you continue to drink fluids and have a good meal.
  • You can resume all your normal activities, though you're asked to refrain.
  • If you are examined and found okay to donate by the doctor you will still have surplus blood after the donation.
  • You can have alcohol from the next day.
  • You will feel no pain post blood donation.
  • You will not faint or feel uncomfortable after donating blood.
  • Make sure disposable syringes are used and all measures are taken to keep you germ free.
* The details in FAQ are suggestive and requires medical feedback/recommendation before blood donation